Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

Contents Alert for BSSA 107:1

2 February – The complete February 2017 issue of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (BSSA 107:1) is now available online. The print edition of this issue is scheduled to be mailed on 7 February.

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Evaluation of a Seismic Event, 12 May 2010, in North Korea
Won-Young Kim, Paul G. Richards, David P. Schaff, and Karl Koch
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Tutorial material on the Mahalanobis distance-squared measure, three-component linear discriminant function (LDF) analysis, tables of measurements of the log10 P/S spectral ratios obtained from waveforms recorded at station MDJ for the two training sets and three-component discrimination analysis, and figures of log (P/S) values measured at 8 Hz from vertical-component waveforms at station MDJ for two training sets and probability distributions for D.

Effects of Laterally Varying Mantle Lid Velocity Gradient and Crustal Thickness on Pn Geometric Spreading with Application to the North Korean Test Site
Xiao-Bi Xie and Thorne Lay
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures of Pn-wave snapshots, first Pn arrival times, and frequency dependence of the Pn amplitudes.

A Spectrogram-Based Method of Rg Detection for Explosion Monitoring
Colin T. O’Rourke and G. Eli Baker
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Tables of source information and figures of example detection.

Apparent Explosion Moments from Rg Waves Recorded on SPE
Carene Larmat, Esteban Rougier, and Howard J. Patton

Analysis of Rayleigh-Wave Particle Motion from Active Seismics
Giancarlo Dal Moro, Nassir S. Al-Arifi, and Sayed S. R. Moustafa
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Animations of particle motion.

Seismic Reconstruction of the 2012 Palisades Rockfall Using the Analytical Solution to Lamb’s Problem
Lucia Gualtieri and Göran Ekström

Toppling Analysis of the Echo Cliffs Precariously Balanced Rock
Swetha Veeraraghavan, Kenneth W. Hudnut, and Swaminathan Krishnan
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Text and figures describing the steps involved in the modeling of precariously balanced rock (PBR)-pedestal geometry, including dense point cloud representation and final 3D model, hazard deaggregation, and toppling probability.

A Method for Calibration of the Local Magnitude Scale Based on Relative Spectral Amplitudes, and Application to the San Juan Bautista, California, Area
Jessica C. Hawthorne, Jean-Paul Ampuero, and Mark Simons
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Additional description and figures showing estimated source amplitudes obtained with different parameters, and observed amplitudes of some earthquakes with large misfits.

Velocity Structure of the Northern Mississippi Embayment Sediments, Part I: Teleseismic P-Wave Spectral Ratios Analysis
Akram Mostafanejad and Charles A. Langston
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Two figures showing the synthetic test results and a table that includes peak resonance frequency and average VP and VS.

Velocity Structure of the Northern Mississippi Embayment Sediments, Part II: Inversion of Teleseismic P-Wave Transfer Functions
Akram Mostafanejad and Charles A. Langston
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Gradient velocity structure of the northern Mississippi Embayment sediments for 60 broadband stations.

Proxy-Based VS30 Estimation in Central and Eastern North America
Grace A. Parker, Joseph A. Harmon, Jonathan P. Stewart, Youssef M. A. Hashash, Albert R. Kottke, Ellen M. Rathje, Walter J. Silva, and Kenneth W. Campbell
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Updated Next Generation Attenuation-East (NGA-East) station database and central and eastern North America (CENA) VS measurement database.

Adjusting Central and Eastern North America Ground-Motion Intensity Measures between Sites with Different Reference-Rock Site Conditions
David M. Boore and Kenneth W. Campbell
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Zip files with parameters used by Stochastic-Method SIMulation (SMSIM) and ratios of the ground-motion intensity measures between hard-rock sites and National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) B/C sites.

Simulation of Earthquake Ground Motions in the Eastern United States Using Deterministic Physics-Based and Site-Based Stochastic Approaches
Sanaz Rezaeian, Stephen Hartzell, Xiaodan Sun, and Carlos Mendoza

Comparison of Synthetic Pseudoabsolute Response Spectral Acceleration (PSA) for Four Crustal Regions within Central and Eastern North America (CENA)
Jennifer Dreiling, Marius P. Isken, and Walter D. Mooney
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures of crustal velocity structures, table of Q studies, and Q studies illustrated for one region.

Improved CENA Regression Relationships between Modified Mercalli Intensities and Ground-Motion Parameters
Luke Philip Ogweno and Chris H. Cramer
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures of data for intensity prediction equation (IPE) evaluation, additional residual analyses, and evaluations based on other performance metrics. Tables that list the events and details of the earthquakes used in the analysis and the means, standard errors, and standard deviations of modified Mercalli intensity (MMI)/community Internet intensity (CII) values of the selected ground-motion parameters.

Ground Motions for Induced Earthquakes in Oklahoma
Emrah Yenier, Gail M. Atkinson, and Danielle F. Sumy

In Situ Stress and Active Faulting in Oklahoma
Richard C. Alt and Mark D. Zoback

Seismic Hazard for Cuba: A New Approach
Leonardo Alvarez, Conrad Lindholm, and Madelín Villalón

Influence of Twenty Years of Research on Ground-Motion Prediction Equations on Probabilistic Seismic Hazard in Italy
S. Barani, D. Albarello, M. Massa, and D. Spallarossa

Squeezing Kappa (κ) Out of the Transportable Array: A Strategy for Using Bandlimited Data in Regions of Sparse Seismicity
Olga-Joan Ktenidou, Walter J. Silva, Robert B. Darragh, Norman A. Abrahamson, and Tadahiro Kishida

Fitting Earthquake Spectra: Colored Noise and Incomplete Data
Stefano Maranò, Benjamin Edwards, Graziano Ferrari, and Donat Fäh

Estimation of Response Spectra of Earthquake Ground Motion Based on an Attenuation Equation with Detailed Analysis of Source and Site Effects
Shusuke Oji, Sumio Sawada, and Hiroyuki Goto

Spatial Variability of the Directivity Pulse Periods Observed during an Earthquake
Rosemary Fayjaloun, Mathieu Causse, Christophe Voisin, Cecile Cornou, and Fabrice Cotton

Prediction Equations for Ground-Motion Significant Durations Using the NGA-West2 Database
Wenqi Du and Gang Wang

Relations between Some Horizontal-Component Ground-Motion Intensity Measures Used in Practice
David M. Boore and Tadahiro Kishida
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures of ground-motion intensity measure (GMIM) ratios, and csv files with average ratios and the coefficients of fits to the ratios.

Ground Motion in the Presence of Complex Topography II: Earthquake Sources and 3D Simulations
Stephen Hartzell, Leonardo Ramírez-Guzmán, Mark Meremonte, and Alena Leeds
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures of recorded and simulated acceleration response spectra and earthquake ground-motion directional response.

Simulating Ground-Motion Directivity Using Stochastic Empirical Green’s Function Method
Hongwei Wang, Ruizhi Wen, and Yefei Ren

Modeling Strong-Motion Recordings of the 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule, Chile, Earthquake with High Stress-Drop Subevents and Background Slip
Arthur Frankel

Fracture Alignments in Marine Sediments Off Vancouver Island from Ps Splitting Analysis
Takashi Tonegawa, Koichiro Obana, Yojiro Yamamoto, Shuichi Kodaira, Kelin Wang, Michael Riedel, Honn Kao, and George Spence

Viscoelastic Block Models of the North Anatolian Fault: A Unified Earthquake Cycle Representation of Pre- and Postseismic Geodetic Observations
Phoebe M. R. DeVries, Plamen G. Krastev, James F. Dolan, and Brendan J. Meade
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figure of sensitivity of viscoelastic block model slip-deficit rate estimates and contour plot of mean residual improvement.

Magnitude Assessment for the Historical Earthquake Based on Strong-Motion Simulation and Liquefaction Analysis: Case of the 1894 Atalanti Earthquake, Greece
T. Novikova, E. Mouzakiotis, and V. K. Karastathis
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Results of liquefaction analysis.

Fault Model for the 2015 Leucas (Aegean Arc) Earthquake: Analysis Based on Seismological and Geodetic Observations
Vasso Saltogianni, Tuncay Taymaz, Seda Yolsal-Çevikbilen, Tuna Eken, Fanis Moschas, and Stathis Stiros
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Table of the Global Positioning System (GPS)-derived displacements and figures of P-wave first-motion polarities, comparison of earthquake source parameters, GPS time series, 2D projections of geodetic solutions, the variance–covariance matrix of the geodetic solution, and the geodetic variable slip model.

Microtremor Array Measurements for Shallow S-Wave Profiles at Strong-Motion Stations in Hatay and Kahramanmaras Provinces, Southern Turkey
Özgür Tuna Özmen, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Mehmet Akif Alkan, Ulubey Çeken, Taylan Öztürk, and Ahmet Sezen

Implementation of the Square-Root-Impedance Method to Estimate Site Amplification in Iran Using Random Profile Generation
Mojtaba Jahanandish, Hamid Zafarani, and Amir Hossein Shafiee

Short Notes

A Note on Adding Viscoelasticity to Earthquake Simulators
Fred F. Pollitz

Mechanism of the Coseismic Change of Volumetric Strain in the Far Field of Earthquakes
Yan Zhang, Chi-yuen Wang, Li-yun Fu, Rui Yan, and Xuezhong Chen

Frequency-Dependent Effects of 2D Random Velocity Heterogeneities in the Mantle Lid on Pn Geometric Spreading
Xiao-Bi Xie and Thorne Lay
Ⓔ Electronic Supplement: Figures showing calculated Pn-wave spectral amplitudes versus distance.

Spatial Correlation of Ground Motions from Vrancea (Romania) Intermediate-Depth Earthquakes
Florin Pavel and Radu Vacareanu

Shape of the Magnitude–Frequency Distribution for the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence from Integration of Seismological and Geological Data
Mark W. Stirling and F. Ramon Zuniga


Erratum to Regional Stochastic GMPEs in Low-Seismicity Areas: Scaling and Aleatory Variability Analysis—Application to the French Alps
Stéphane Drouet

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