The Harry Fielding Reid Medal
The Harry Fielding Reid Medal of the Seismological Society of America is awarded for outstanding contributions in seismology and earthquake engineering. It is awarded no more frequently than once in any calendar year. The medal is presented at the annual meeting following the year of the award.
Call for Nominations
At least two but no more than five members of the Society may forward the name of a nominee together with a letter from each nominating member and a single, optional, curriculum vitae with bibliography in support of their nominee to the Secretary of the Society (address given below) on or before 15 February of each year. Each nomination letter may have more than one signer, but each signer should sign only one letter. To simplify communications with the Secretary, it is requested that all nominators for a particular nominee select among themselves a chief nominator through whom all correspondences with the Society will pass. Please note that the principal nominator should integrate the nomination letters and send ONE nomination package to ensure that all letters of endorsement reach the decision makers on time. Questions may be directed to the chair of the Harry Fielding Reid Medal Subcommittee, Ralph Archuleta <ralph [at] eri.ucsb.edu>. Please list Reid Medal - Question as the subject line.
Nominations for all SSA awards are solicited from the members to be sent to the SSA Secretary, by the due date of 15 February. Electronic submissions should be e-mailed in .TXT, .PDF or .DOC files to <awards [at] seismosoc.org>. While electronic submissions are encouraged, hard copies may be mailed to:
Secretary, Seismological Society of America
c/o Susan Newman
400 Evelyn Ave, Suite 201
Albany, CA 94706-1375
The Seismological Society of America (SSA) will present its highest honor, the Harry Field Reid Medal, to James R. Rice, the Mallinckrodt Professor of Engineering Sciences and Geophysics at Harvard University, at its upcoming annual meeting April 17-19 in Salt Lake City.
First awarded in 1975, the Harry Fielding Reid Medal is awarded for outstanding contributions in seismology and earthquake engineering.
A prolific and influential researcher in fracture mechanics, Rice has made seminal contributions to numerous fields related to earthquake and fault mechanics over a span of 40 years, and his research has integrated theory, experiment and observations into a comprehensible explanation for how an earthquake might evolve. His contributions have defined and set the standards for many frontiers of research.
“His research opened up new productive fields of investigations, while demonstrating how careful, rigorous mechanics can address seemingly intractable problems,” said Ralph J. Archuleta, professor and former chair of the Department of Earth Science at University of California, Santa Barbara and former recipient of the Reid Medal. “He is synonymous with elegant, creative and leading edge theory on fracture mechanics and its application to earthquake processes.” Rice addresses problems in the theoretical mechanics of solids and fluids -- that is, problems of stressing, deformation, fracture and flow -- as they arise in seismology, tectonophysics and surficial geologic processes and in civil/environmental engineering hydrology and geomechanics. His earthquake studies focus on the nucleation of rupture, thermo- and hydro-mechanical weakening of fault zones during seismic slip, fracture propagation through branched and offset fault systems, tsunami generation and propagation, and relations among stressing, seismicity and deformation in or near continental and subduction fault systems, including the physics of aseismic deformation transients.
Rice received his B.S. in Engineering Mechanics from Lehigh University in 1962 and a M.S. and Ph.D in Applied Mechanics from Lehigh University in 1963 and 1964, respectively. He is the recipient of numerous honors, including election to the National Academy of Sciences (1981) and National Academy of Engineering (1980).
The Seismological Society of America (SSA) is an international scientific society devoted to the advancement of seismology and the understanding of earthquakes for the benefit of society. The SSA annual awards luncheon on April 17 will be held in conjunction with its annual meeting April 17-19 in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Through the course of her career, Barbara Romanowicz has studied the Earth from its surface to its center, establishing herself as one of the most influential seismologists of her time. For her outstanding contributions in seismology and earthquake engineering, the Seismological Society of America (SSA) will award Romanowicz with its top honor, the Harry Fielding Reid Medal, at its annual meeting on April 17 in San Diego, Calif.
Since Romanowicz’s early work on seismic tomography that resulted in the first regional scale models of the mantle beneath North America, her research has been on the cutting edge of seismology.
Romanowicz, who is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and holds the chair of Physics of the Earth's Interior at Collège de France, in Paris, has made fundamental contributions to practically all areas of global seismology, from body-wave studies of the anisotropic and anelastic structure of the inner core, to normal-mode studies of the Earth's density distribution and surface- waves studies of the upper mantle.
Her contributions are not only reflected in the area of research, but also in her service to the seismology community. While still at the Institut de Physique du Globe in Paris (IPGP) in the early 1980s, she was instrumental in the conception and development of GEOSCOPE, a worldwide network of seismological observatories from which high quality data are openly available. After arriving at UC Berkeley in 1991, she has revived its Seismological Laboratory, which she directed from 1991 to 2011, leading it to be one of the best in the world. The lab plays a critical role in seismic monitoring and nurtures cutting edge research in seismology and geodesy. It serves as an important link in the seismological infrastructure of the west coast of the United States.
Romanowicz has published more than 180 papers and has been honored by leading European and American geophysical organizations. She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Tatyana G. Rautian
A heavyweight in the field of seismology who drove research efforts in the former Soviet Union, Tanya Glebovna Rautian, often called “The Charles Richter of the former Soviet Union” and “generator of ideas,” has dedicated her life to the development of seismology and science in central Asia. She is widely recognized as a pioneer in the study of earthquake source, in the quantification of the seismic coda and in the discrimination of nuclear explosions from earthquakes.
Rautian studied physics at the University of Leningrad in the late 1940s and early 1950s. She turned her attention to seismology in 1951 when she and her husband, Vitaly I. Khalturin, left the urban research centers of Moscow and Leningrad behind to establish a seismograph station near Garm in the mountains of Tajikistan.
Establishing the research station wasn’t easy. In those days, roads were nearly impassable, electricity was only produced by private generators and modern plumbing had yet to appear. Over the 35 years they spent there, Rautian and Khalturin raised five daughters, helped build a seismological observatory that was the world center of earthquake prediction research in the 1960s and 1970s, and worked to train an entire generation of seismologists studying the seismically active areas of Soviet Central Asia.
Isolated from modern technology and seismological literature published in the west, Rautian presented her “energy scale,” which estimated the energy radiated by an earthquake, and in contrast to the Richter scale, sought to link magnitude value directly to the energy radiated by the earthquake. The theoretical work was accompanied by the development of a practical set of nomograms used by Soviet scientists for earthquake location and energy determination. Soviet scientists through much of the latter half of the 20th century relied on “Rautian’s energy scale” to quantify the size of an earthquake.
Living for four decades surrounded by the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains, Rautian was treated to a dizzying array of seismic sources that surrounded the research facility where she worked in Garm. Her work involved painstaking analysis of thousands of seismograms. She determined magnitudes, measured spectra, determined attenuation factors and analyzed source characteristics for the thousands of earthquakes recorded by Garm’s network of seismographs each year. Most of her work was published in Russian-language monographs that were largely inaccessible to scientists outside the Soviet Union.
Rautian’s second area of contribution to seismology relates to using coda waves to study the seismic source and the attenuation of seismic waves. Her work was parallel to that carried out by Kei Aki and others in the U.S. during the same time period and brought important new observational insights to the topic.
Rautian was also active in facilitating exchanges in the 1970s between American and Soviet scientists. She and her husband moved to the U.S. in 1993, spending extended research terms at Indiana University and the Lamont –Doherty Earth Observatory, where they continued work on seismic coda and developed new research devoted to distinguishing nuclear explosions from earthquakes. They also interacted with dozens of scholars, students and collaborators from other institutions, providing a fresh perspective for many American seismology students.
Recipients of the Harry Fielding Reid Medal
of the Seismological Society of America
- Barbara Romanowicz (2011)
- Tatyana G. Rautian (2010)
- Paul G. Richards (2009)
- Ralph J. Archuleta (2008)
- F. Anthony Dahlen (2007)
- Nafi Toksoz (2006)
- Nicholas N. Ambraseys (2005)
- J. Freeman Gilbert (2004)
- Raul Madariaga (2003)
- Donald Helmberger (2002)
- C. Allin Cornell (2001)
- E. R. Engdahl (2000)
- Adam Dziewonski (1999)
- James C. Savage (1998)
- Lynn R. Sykes (1997)
- James N. Brune (1996)
- Clarence R. Allen (1995)
- Karl V. Steinbrugge (1993)
- Hiroo Kanamori (1991)
- Leon Knopoff (1989)
- Robert E. Wallace (1988)
- Otto W. Nuttli (1987)
- Keiiti Aki (1986)
- John A. Blume (1985)
- Jack E. Oliver (1983)
- Frank Press (1982)
- George W. Housner (1981)
- Kiyoo Wadati (1980)
- Sir Harold Jeffreys (1978)
- Inge Lehmann (1977)
- Charles Richter (1976)
- Perry Byerly (1975)